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[86] Greater growth was observed in the northern part of the lake, in relatively protected areas, which may be linked to current and weather patterns and could also be due to the climate and water conditions, which are more suitable to the plants growth (as there are large urban areas to the north end of the lake, in Uganda). "Lake Victoria has the potential to boost cruise tourism in the region by generating employment, earning the three countries foreign currency, social benefits to host destinations, promoting global community and also promoting international understanding and peace." Log in. Below you can see the member countries. With a surface area of 69,485 square kilometers, Lake Victoria is Africa’s largest lake, and the world’s largest tropical lake, according to Diversity Inland Waters (DIW). In 1990–1991, oxygen concentrations in the mixed layer were higher than in 1960–1961, with nearly continuous oxygen supersaturation in surface waters. The lake has a maximum depth of between 80 and 84 m (262 and 276 ft)[11][14] and an average depth of 40 m (130 ft). Lake Victoria is drained solely by the Nile River near Jinja, Uganda, on the lake's northern shore. The Kagera River, which flows into Lake Victoria near the Tanzanian town of Bukoba, is the longest feeder river for Lake Victoria, although sources do not agree on which is the longest tributary of the Kagera, and hence the most distant source of the Nile itself.. [79] At the peak in the early 1990s, 500,000 tonnes (490,000 long tons; 550,000 short tons) of Nile perch were landed annually in Lake Victoria, but this has declined significantly in later years. Lake Victoria (or Victoria Nyanza in the Bantu language) is the largest of the African Great Lakes, the largest lake in Africa and the world’s second largest freshwater lake by surface area, after Lake Superior. It is crossed by the equator. Lake Victoria is known to be 2nd largest fresh water lake, and is the source of the White Nile river. The fertility of tropical waters depends on the rate at which nutrients can be brought into solution. Tanzania Suitable access points to lake Victoria from Tanzania are Bukoba, Mwanza and Msoma. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Ugandan volunteers passing out life jackets in an effort to decrease the number of drownings in Lake Victoria. "Lake Victoria Fish Stocks and the Effects of Water Hyacinth". …. Lake Victoria covers land in all of the following countries EXCEPT Get the answers you need, now! Of the numerous islands in the lake, Ukerewe, north of Speke Gulf, is the largest, with wooded hills rising 650 feet (200 metres) above the lake. Overall, the timing of the decline could be linked to all of these factors and perhaps together, in combination, they were more effective than any one deterrent would have been by itself. The only outflow from Lake Victoria is the Nile River, which exits the lake near Jinja, Uganda. [89] The water hyacinth is in remission and this trend could be permanent if control efforts are continued.[94]. 1999. Lake Victoria (c.255 mi/410 km long and c.155 mi/250 [86][90], Growth of the water hyacinth in Lake Victoria has been tracked since 1993, reaching its maxima biomass in 1997 and then declining again by the end of 2001. Lake Victoria (at 68 000 km 2, Africa’s largest lake, the world’s largest tropical lake and the world’s second largest freshwater lake is a shared lake with basin countries of … Lake Victoria receives 80 percent of its water from direct rainfall. A very public quarrel ensued, which not only sparked a great deal of intense debate within the scientific community of the day, but also much interest by other explorers keen to either confirm or refute Speke's discovery.[100]. The lake’s surface is 3,720 feet (1,134 metres) above sea level, and its greatest ascertained depth is 270 feet (82 metres). Answered Lake Victoria covers land in all of the following countries EXCEPT 1 Lake Victoria, the second largest lake in the world and one of the sources of the Nile River, is one of the most important trans-boundary natural resource in Africa. It borders the countries of Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. [35] The main group in Lake Victoria is the haplochromine cichlids (Haplochromis sensu lato) with more than 500 species, almost all endemic,[21][36][37] and including an estimated 300 that still are undescribed. Surviving from the treasure of Chief Rumanika of…, In Central Africa, Lakes Victoria, Albert, Tanganyika, and Nyasa exhibit substantial long-term features, some of which are consistent, suggesting that a common climatological factor is responsible. Lake Victoria or Victoria Nyanza (also known as Ukerewe and Nalubaale) is one of the Great Lakes of Africa.. Lake Victoria is 68,800 square kilometres (26,560 mi²) in size, making it the continent's largest lake, the largest tropical lake in the world, and the second largest fresh water lake in the world in terms of surface area. Het Victoriameer (ook wel Victoria Nyanza) is het grootste meer van Afrika en het op een na grootste zoetwatermeer op aarde. The Lake Victoria region is one of the most densely populated in Africa; within 50 miles (80 km) of its shores live several million people, nearly all Bantu-speaking. Because of this, most of Lake Victoria's nutrients are thought to be locked up in lake-bottom deposits. Rwanda and Burundi lie in the upper watershed that drains into the Lake. [18] Average evaporation on the lake is between 2.0 and 2.2 metres (6.6 and 7.2 ft) per year, almost double the precipitation of riparian areas. 1. What is Rhodesia called today? The water is then ready to be chlorinated or treated in another way. Lake Victoria is located on the continent of Africa and it is divided among 3 African countries. [31], Lake Victoria and its wetlands has a large population of Nile crocodiles, as well as African helmeted turtles, variable mud turtles, and Williams' mud turtle. A pottery head and torso from Luzira in Uganda (now in the British Museum) is generally regarded as the oldest work of art known from this region, though its age is in fact unknown. [29], Many mammal species live in the region of Lake Victoria, and some of these are closely associated with the lake itself and the nearby wetlands. ", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T60318A47182908.en. [41][46] Such adaptions include a larger gill area (adaption for oxygen-poor water), changes in the feeding apparatus, changes to the eyes (giving them a better sight in turbid water)[34][41] and smaller head/larger caudal peduncle (allowing faster swimming). Coinciding anti-racist protests sweeping the world, the clamor is growing in Africa to rename Lake Victoria which lies in Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya. The lake’s shores vary in aspect. Now let's learn about Africa's other 8 largest lakes in Africa. For a relaxing, pleasurable lake vacation in East Africa, we recommend a visit to Lake Victoria, the largest of the Great African Lakes and the second largest freshwater lake in the world. Uganda has 45 percent of Lake Victoria, while Kenya earns only 6 percent. Lake Victoria On World Map It is that time of the month when we briefly take our gaze off Covid-19 deaths and infections and look at who is winning or losing from the pandemic and other goings-on shaking our world. It borders the countries of Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. Uganda Game and Fisheries Department (UGFD) officials denied that they were involved, but circumstantial evidence suggests otherwise and local Africans employed by UGFD have said that they introduced the species in 1954–55 under the directive of senior officials. The release of large amounts of untreated wastewater (sewage) and agricultural and industrial runoff directly into Lake Victoria over the past 30 years has greatly increased the nutrient levels of nitrogen and phosphorus in the lake "triggering massive growth of exotic water hyacinth, which colonised the lake in the late 1990s". People rely on it for food, water, and many other things. Lake Victoria is the source of the Nile. There is a printable worksheet available for download here so you can take the quiz with pen and paper.. Lake Victoria. [18][61] By itself, this vegetative matter decays slowly. [70][72] It is likely that undescribed species of snails remain. Animal flesh decays considerably faster, however, so the fertility of the lake is dependent on the rate at which these nutrients can be taken up by fish and other organisms. It is convenient size for trade, travels well and is found in much greater numbers than other important fish, such as semutundu (Luganda), Bagrus sp.". At 51 percent, Tanzania claims the biggest share of the lake’s waters, followed by Uganda at 43 percent, and Kenya at 6 percent. [73] This may increase as a result of the spread of the invasive water hyacinth (an optimum snail habitat),[74] and the loss of many snail-eating cichlids in the lake. (1929.) [77] Initially the fishery involved native species, especially tilapia and haplochromine cichlids, but also catfish (Bagrus, Clarias, Synodontis and silver butter catfish), elephantfish, ningu (Labeo victorianus) and marbled lungfish (Protopterus aethiopicus). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. [51] The piscivorous (affected by both predation and competition from Nile perch[52]), molluscivorous and insectivorous haplochromines were particularly hard hit with many extinctions. [105] Another tragedy occurred recently on 20 September 2018 that involved the passagers ferry MV Nyerere from Tanzania that caused the deaths of over 200 people.[106]. Chapter 27, pp. Local fisheries once depended on catching the lungfish, tilapia, carp and catfish that comprise the local diet. The three countries bordering Lake Victoria – Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania – have agreed in principle to the idea of a tax on Nile perch exports, proceeds to be applied to various measures to benefit local communities and sustain the fishery. For a relaxing, pleasurable lake vacation in East Africa, we recommend a visit to Lake Victoria, the largest of the Great African Lakes and the second largest freshwater lake in the world. Hydrology of Lake Victoria [65], Four species of freshwater crabs are known from Lake Victoria: Potamonautes niloticus is widespread in the lake and P. emini has been recorded from the vicinity of Bukoba in Tanzania, but both are also found elsewhere in Africa. 547–61 in : Dumony, H.J. The lake rests between three countries namely, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. Lake Victoria info - Gondwana Safari Tour Operators - Safari Holiday Packages, Lodges, Camps +267 686 1971. The removal of Haplochromis, however, may have contributed to the increasing frequency of algal blooms,[27][63][64] which may in turn be responsible for mass fish kills. The project which began in 1995 comes to an end in the year 2000 and is funded by the Global Environmental Facility through United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). "Toxic dump: The poisons killing lake Victoria", "Water Hyacinth Re-invades Lake Victoria", "Scientists raise concerns over pollution of Lake Victoria", "Lake Victoria | Size, Map, Countries, & Facts", "Diver's recover 180 bodies from Africa's worst ferry disaster", "Ferry tragedy: More than 200 feared dead in Tanzania", Decreasing levels of Lake Victoria Worry East African Countries, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lake_Victoria&oldid=1000238574, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Articles containing Luo (Kenya and Tanzania)-language text, Articles containing Luganda-language text, Articles containing undetermined-language text, Articles using infobox body of water without alt, Articles using infobox body of water without image bathymetry, Articles needing additional references from June 2017, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The vegetated shores of Lake Victoria near the Speke Resort in Munyonyo, Kampala, Uganda. [18] The lake's area is divided among three countries: Kenya occupies 6% (4,100 km2 or 1,600 sq mi), Uganda 45% (31,000 km2 or 12,000 sq mi), and Tanzania 49% (33,700 km2 or 13,000 sq mi).[19]. [24] In the Kenya sector, the main influent rivers are the Sio, Nzoia, Yala, Nyando, Sondu Miriu, Mogusi, and Migori. Today, the lake and its resources fuel the economies of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. The subsequent decrease in the number of algae-eating fish allows the algae to grow at an alarming rate, thereby choking the lake. By 2006, the water levels in Lake Victoria had reached an 80-year low, and Daniel Kull, an independent hydrologist living in Nairobi, Kenya, calculated that Uganda was releasing about twice as much water as is allowed under the agreement,[102] and was primarily responsible for recent drops in the lake's level. The area of lake victoria’s surface is shared among three countries that majorly make up the east African community; Kenya covers 6%, Uganda covers 45% and 49% is in Tanzania. (2008). Het bevindt zich in Oost-Afrika tussen de staten Tanzania, Oeganda en Kenia.Met een oppervlakte van 69 484 km² is het bijna zo groot als Nederland en België samen. In addition to the biogas it produces, its by-product can be used as fertilizer. (See East African Rift System.) After Lake Superior in the United States, Lake Victoria is also the second largest freshwater lake in the world by surface area. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The ferry MV Bukoba sank in the lake on 21 May 1996 with a loss of between 800 and 1,000 lives, making it one of Africa's worst maritime disasters. Ochiel, W. Gitonga and S.W. Driven many endemic species to extinction other quizzes on the same subject largest inland fishery ( as of,. 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