identify cereal crops uk

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But so popular has the post been that I am extending it to crops grown elsewhere. Kidney 1. Pitted morningglory 6. Not being involved in farming, I never realized the differences between the different grains. But I know for a certain that our little Belgian vineyards will seem like mini-pockets compared to the Californian vineyards! In 2019, Uk farmers produced over 16 million tonnes of wheat. Potato growing is big business in Belgium. Discover more . Absent 1. There are three types of barley: two-row, six-row and hull-less barley. Thanks a lot! Rye is extensively used in Europe for making bread, beer and animal fodder. Wheat, rice, corn (maize), rye, oats, barley, sorghum, and some of the millets are common cereals. I had no idea white asparagus is so labor intensive. 1. I guess you have similar ones over there Pat. By 2000 only 450 hectares of tobacco were planted, and in 2014 the figure was down to around 100 hectares. By Ivan Milosavljevic, Aaron D. Esser and David W. Crowder. One of Local Food Britain members, Flax Farm, grows flax seed, also known as linseed. Indeed, the UK is one of the EU’s largest producers of cereal crops, which grow well in Britain’s climate. Barnyardgrass 1. I have seen small soya field in Tervuren today. A short guide to help you identify the most common farm crops you might see as you go hiking through the countryside. HGCA's Grain storage guide was first published in 1999 and has become a key reference for most assurance schemes. The combination of suitable soil with alternating rain and sunshine makes the region ideal for flax. It can be identified by its longer “beard” than wheat and when ready to harvest is yellow-white in colour. leaf-blades twist anticlockwise. But it’s still possible to come across a beautiful field full of clover in full bloom. I always wondered what the different grains looked like. Many thanks! However, they are pale yellow with pointed ends, thinner and enter the crop through the top of the shoot. Oats don’t grow in spikes like wheat, barley and rye, but in what are called panicles. As of 2012, the top 5 cereals in the world ranked on the basis of production tonnage are maize (corn), rice (paddy), wheat, barley and sorghum. And a field of flax in bloom is a wonderful sight! Entireleaf morningglory 2. . Field bindweed 3. These include sweeteners for hot drinks; desserts; jams; and caster sugar. I loved reading every part and comparing all the various grains, especially seeing the grains close up. Hélène & Tim Christensen are ready to greet you at Hotel - La Grande Cure in Marcourt. Membranous 1. Last year I was quite surprised to discover a field of soybeans growing near where I live. In 2019, almost 5.3 million tonnes of potatoes were processed into fries, mashed potato products, crisps, or precooked potatoes. Rye is closely related to barley, and distinguishing the two is difficult. Yellow cereal fly larvae are present at a similar time to wheat bulb fly. This is a wonderfully educational post since so many urbanites have been become disconnected from their food supply. Wheat, barley and oats are the most common arable crop. This is great, Denzil! While hiking through the countryside, do you sometimes wonder what the crops are that are growing in the fields around you? All parts of the plant can be used, so there is no waste, and the fibre is biodegradable. always get confused with Barley and Rye, maybe I won’t now though! I’ll be adding some pictures of vine and hops. It would certainly make a “boring” walk in the countryside more enjoyable, entertaining and educational. It is important our bodies have a balance of Omega-3 and Omega-6. Fall panicum 4. Most of these crops we have too, but not the beets or the clover. The familiar ridged fields and then the white flowers are a common sight throughout the country. Cereal crops are derived from grasses, an example being wheat, which accounts for nearly half of Britain’s arable land and produces around 17 million tonnes per year. Each crop is described - including its suitability for field landings - from it's early growth to harvesting time. Ripley Farm Shop between Cobham and Guildford, renowned for huge variety of fresh fruit and vegetables and fabulous local foodie treats. Unlike wheat bulb fly, each larva only attacks a single tiller. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. This second edition has been greatly extended by the addition of game cover crops, green manure crops and other niche crops (such as biofuels For some reason I always thought that a mangelwurzel was a scarecrow. Barley seeds are solitary; rye seeds come in pairs; wheat seeds come in triplets. Salad Crops Icon . California is better known for other crops than these, and we have to drive a long distance to see them. The Feekes scale is a system to identify the growth and development of cereal crops introduced by the Dutch agronomists Willem Feekes (1907-1979) in 1941. Identifying Cereal CRops. However, I found this interesting video that explains the whole growing process. Oat: auricles absent, leaf-sheath and blade hairless (scattered hair on some varieties) ligule medium length. Forage crops are crops grown specifically to be grazed by livestock or conserved as hay or silage. Seriously, sometimes I’ve seen a field and decided it wasn’t the usual winter wheat, that’s grown around here, and I know the numerous microbreweries have encouraged farmers to plant some barley again, but I wasn’t sure if that’s what I was seeing. Symptoms . So there’s two more to add. Identify the method used to plant cereal crops when early agriculture began. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), https://blog.distiller.com/bourbon-fundamentals/, How to identify farm crops on a country walk, 5 ideas for a winter walk in the Ardennes. Thanks. It’s probably the easiest crop to identify while on your country walk! Fascinating. Feel free to Buy Me A Coffee to help with the costs of running this blog. And we will always make it really easy for you to unsubscribe – one click, straight from the email. If you have enjoyed this post and learned something, you can always Buy Me A Coffee as an appreciation. Dense mass of growth often causes problems. Potatoes Icon. Date posted: September 25, 2017. Annual bluegrass 2. The List does not detail all crops to which an MRL applies as many of these would not be grown commercially in the UK. Their high nutritional value makes them popular for breakfast cereals, muesli and cereal bars. Thanks to its high concentration of sucrose, it’s converted into a range of sugar products. Maybe I should add a section on ingredients for beverages. Kent Belgian farmers produce over five million tonnes of sugar beet each year. Cereals, or grains, are members of the grass family cultivated primarily for their starchy dry fruits. It’s a cultivated root vegetable in the same family as sugar beet and red beet. Oats on the other hand do not contain gluten. Provenance is guaranteed from farm to fork. For the freshest organic fruit and vegetables direct from small local growers, Greener Greens has been ticking all the boxes since 1995. Thank you, all of you. Messages 1,444 Name Mike Edit My Images Yes Jul 9, 2018 #1 Although I and I guess many others enjoy taking photos of fields full of crops, I'm ashamed to say that apart from Oil Seed Rape, I couldn't genuinely identify others such as Wheat, Barley, etc. At first I was focusing on crops in Belgium, which is where I live, although of course they are also grown in other areas of western Europe and indeed other parts of the world. The insect feeds on plants below the surface, causing wilt, stunted growth, or death to young crops. In many publications and correspondence, they are simply called grains or cereals. 2 HGCA Grain storage guide for cereals and oilseeds The value of good grain Introduction Safe, effective grain storage is key to assuring crop quality and helping prevent loss of premiums through claims and rejections. This then is my short guide for how to identify farm crops while walking through the Belgian countryside. Ligule type 1. They sell local, grass-fed, native breed 'Beltie' beef direct from Manor Farm. There are six types of wheat: hard red winter, hard red spring, soft red winter, hard white, soft white, and durum. Two-row barley tends to have a “flatter”, two-dimensional appearance. However, in the 1990s the Flemish tobacco industry declined rapidly. At the same time, Belgian fresh potatoes and seed potatoes are exported to the rest of Europe. between November and July. One of Local Food Britain members, Flax Farm, grows flax seed, also known as linseed. 2. Another type of wheat called spelt is also grown in Belgium but this looks similar to normal wheat. Barley is an important grain for the production of alcoholic beverages such as beer and whisky, and is also used as animal feed. The photo below is a nice comparison of these four cereals. As white asparagus is grown underground, there’s not much to see. Your asparagus looks very different to ours. When the pests infest an area in Manor Farm at Wotton, Surrey produces Belted Galloway grass-fed beef. methods of identifying crop growing conditions and hus-bandry practices—functional weed ecology and crop stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis—in order to assess their potential for inferring the intensity of past cereal production systems using archaeobotanical assemblages. Barley can also be identified by the fact that the whole spike bends; the spikes of wheat and rye tend to stay much straighter. Cereal crops are classified as staple foods, which means that they are a significant part of the human diet and are regularly eaten for their high energy content. Cereal farming - Cereal farming - Plant protection: Winter crops are frequently disturbed by frost, and the ground must then be rolled in the spring to consolidate the soil around the roots. You might like to bookmark it so it’s handy to access when you come across a crop you are not sure about. I prefer to see the frilly above-ground asparagus waving in the breeze! I ride my bike on trails just outside the city and was wondering what grain I saw. White and purple wheats, food barleys, special types of beans, oats for health drinks and even chickpeas are some of the novel crop options being Soft Fruits Icon ... Common in spring crops on sandy, well watered arable land. ... Rye is both a weed and a cultivated crop. We never want to lose our readers but we know how hugely irritating it is when the unsubscribe facility is made as difficult to use as possible.. This results in a characteristic brown incision that spirals down the tiller. And grapes too. Cereal crops are interchangeably called grain crops. It is sometimes referred to as cereal rye. These plants are often purposely planted in large fields. Identification is further complicated by the fact that there are barley x rye hybrids. Quiz on Belgium: How well do you know Belgium? And if you’re not yet subscribed, add your email below: Thanks for this, Denzil. It is used for grazing, hay, silage, a green manure and a cover crop. The mountains of beet left to dry on the side of a field are a common sight, particularly in the provinces Liège, Hainaut and Walloon Brabant, as well as around Tienen in Flanders. This is nicely illustrated below: After the challenge of working out the differences between barley and rye, oats is a doddle to identify. Known as “white gold” in Belgium because it’s expensive and coveted, fresh white asparagus is cultivated underground so it doesn’t turn green. Cereal farming, growing of cereal crops for human food and livestock feed as well as for other uses, including industrial starch and biofuel. Brilliant, this is so useful . Belgium produces nearly half a million tonnes of maize per year. Hedge bindweed 4. The bright yellow flowers of oilseed rape and turnip rape are familiar sights across many areas of Belgium in spring. So the sight of these little beans might be more common during your walks in the country! Cheat 2. A Guide to Children's Outdoor Activities in Belgium, Follow Discovering Belgium on WordPress.com. This page aims to help you grow a more profitable break crop. It’s available in different sizes ranging from pencil-thin to thick stalks several centimetres in diameter. These quick-growing crops are however grown less in Belgium than previously. Loads of bright yellow rape here – but it’s post flowering phase fooled us last year when we couldn’t work out what we were walking through. The grains of the first three cereals – wheat, barley and rye – contain the protein gluten, which triggers the autoimmune response seen in people with cealiac disease. Johnsongrass 4. Noel' Farm Shop works closely with carefully chosen producers to bring you the best local produce. 2020’s world record wheat crop came from Eric Watson’s farm in New Zealand who achieved a massive 17.398t/ha. Wheat is the most widely grown arable crop in the UK. Sugar cane perhaps? Or rye from oats? That’s four times more than one hectare of forest. I lived in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan in the 1980s. However, slightly different provisions are made for stored products which may include imported produce. But what an absolutely fabulous article this is! Thanks Becky. White asparagus is prized for its delicate sweet flavour. . Wheat is milled and turned into flour, ground into semolina, or broken or pre-boiled to turn it into bulgur. Would you like to know how to tell barley from wheat? Yes these old words need to be retained, used and not forgotten! Nitrogen Management . In Belgium there are around 2000 farms that grow flax, 50 companies that process the fibre, and seven linen weaving mills. Great, then next time we meet I’ll test you on your knowledge! Cereal Crops: Rice, Maize, Millet, Sorghum, Wheat Cereal Crops Prepared by: Dr Harold Macauley, Director General of Africa Rice Co-conveners: Tabo Ramadjita, ICRISAT Hmm–that image makes me miss the prairies. A field of flax also looks attractive after harvest time, when the cut flax is laid out on the fields in neat rows. Unfortunately in its original setting it was incorrectly captioned. Quackgrass 6. You make a valid point Henry and one that I am going to steal to add into the text! Barley, a type of cereal grain. The most common ones grown in western Europe are wheat, barley, rye and oats. Maybe something to do with Wurzel Gummidge! Maize, also called corn or sweet corn, is primarily grown in Belgium as a forage crop. Crops that are used in a variety of industrial processes, either non-food or bulk food processing. Salad Crops Icon . Rice is grown in Western Australia and, even though they’re not grains, sugar cane and cotton are major crops. It’s grown as a summer crop, so planted in March and harvested in September. This website displays photographs of 9 different field crops (and some "no go" fields) taken both from the air and in the field, at various stages of cultivation. Other Cereals Icon O R T. Peas and beans Icon. If it proves helpful to folk, I may add extra photos on crops in various stages of growth. It is important our bodies have a balance of Omega-3 and Omega-6. All true cereal crops belong to the Poaceae grass family. There are many minor and niche break crops, such as oats and linseed, which can bring many benefits to a crop rotation. If soil has become crusted by heavy rains followed by surface drying, the crop is usually harrowed in the spring to aerate the soil and kill young weeds. A field of ripe barley creates a “fuzzy” appearance thanks to the longer “beard”. And the same people are bringing back hops as a crop, that’s kind of an unusual-looking field, with the poles and cables. New to the UK market, Limus® protects urea-based fertilisers, minimising nitrogen losses from volatilisation and ensuring optimal nitrogen is available for your crop. Smooth crabgrass 2. I was focusing purely on identification, but there is a great educational message here too, also for children. So if you see raised, covered beds in the fields, you know what’s underneath! It has been estimated that there are more than 60 species of click beetles in the UK. Oats are a hardy cereal that can withstand poor soil conditions in which other crops are unable to thrive. (2012). Yes I was hooked on that asparagus video; fascinating! Take our quiz below and see if you can identify the cereals - out of their boxes. 2014). Their high nutritional value makes them popular for breakfast cereals, muesli and cereal bars. Wheat has a shorter “beard” (the bristly material protecting the kernels) than barley. Identify the main source of History that studies man’s material culture. The central swath of our state is well known for its agriculture, and when we drive it, we enjoy seeing orchards, vineyards, and all sorts of crops. Wheat is ground into flour, which you will find in a huge range of food, from bread and cakes to biscuits and breakfast cereals. A new guide has been published to assist cereal growers to identify frost damage and consider crop management decisions. It’s usually boiled and served with a sauce, although it also turns up in soups and other dishes. Identifying wireworms in cereal crops . Large crabgrass 5. Common windgrass 3. Abstract. Another difference between these three cereals is the number of seeds. A good supply of these nutrients throughout the growing season will help to maximise potential yields. That’s a good one to add as they are grown in Belgium. When ready for harvesting, it has a golden-brown colour. I love the canola fields the most. Ivyleaf morningglory 5. It has already built up a loyal and appreciative following. Each crop is illustrated with one or more very accurate line drawings to help identification. If so, here’s a small guide to help you identify farm crops on a country walk. If you have a photo, feel free to send it in! Shattercane 7. Thanks for sharing the text and photos! scattered hairs on some varieties. This post makes me even more grateful for the work by farmers and crop laborers all over the world who make my table a bounty of health and goodness to eat. Let me know what you think by adding a comment below or dropping me a line. They are grown for the purpose of extracting oil from their seeds. I do love the word mangelwurzel! They therefore cannot be part of a gluten-free diet. The research combines genetics, genomics and physiology for identification of genes and genomic regions controlling major crop traits. Thread starter FiestaRed; Start date Jul 9, 2018; FiestaRed. Did you know that flax is one of the most sustainable fibres in the world? Field sandbur 5. Target cereal crops are wheat, rice and barley. Oats are a hardy cereal that can withstand poor soil conditions in which other crops are unable to thrive. These crops are also among the top 50 agricultural commodities in the world with maize ranking second next to sugarcane. All our sugar comes from cane. Barley: auricles long, slender and hairless. These are grasses grown for their edible seeds. It drives the bread and pastry industries and is used for a huge variety of foods. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. This is another widespread forage crop grown in Belgium. The insects feed on plant structures underground, causing wilt, stunting, and even death to juvenile plants (Figure 2). Red and white clover are primarily used for hay, pasture, silage, and soil improvement. Hairy 1. Answers (1) Identify one disadvantage of using anthropology as a source of information in History and Government. Thanks! So interesting, Denzil. This is to help with transparency between the slightly different terms and allows correct identification of the MRL that will apply to the crop. Find out more . Surrey Website Designers - Knibbs, Reigate, County Cold pressed linseed oil is highly nutritious and a good source of Omega-3. Moreover, as Henry points out in his comment below, “being able to understand the farm-to-table chain of events is vital for both a healthy planet and a nutritious diet.” In this respect, this post would be useful for children too. A superb little guide to the crops likely to be encountered in the UK, giving their frequency, characteristics, history, distribution and uses. This scale is more widely used in the United States than other similar and more descriptive scales such as the Zadoks scale or the BBCH scale. Cereal crops grown in Britain include wheat, barley, oats and rye. I identified it was wheat I saw which is what I thought. It covers 14 crops, grouped into a number of different categories. Apparently, the best flax in the world is grown in Belgium, Northern France and the Netherlands. Here clover is an annoying weed that takes over our lawn. Thank you! Wheat is the most cultivated cereal worldwide. Currently, the most important cereal crops supplying the nutrients for a large proportion of people in the world are rice (Oryza sativa), wheat (Triticum spp. Great! For a quick, but crude assessment, fold back the leaf sheaths then count the slight 'bumps' caused by each node. Being able to understand the farm to table chain of events is vital for both a healthy planet and nutritious diet. Cold pressed linseed oil is highly nutritious and a good source of Omega-3. The golden age was immediately after the Second World War and then between 1970 and 1985. It is grown for seed and forage in parts of Canada and the Northeast United States, but it is not grown as a crop in Washington. ), and maize (Zea mays), as stated by Adams and Moss (2008) and Harris et al. … Potatoes Icon. Within UK agriculture, cereal crops account for about 15% of total UK agricultural land, but over 65% of total cropping. I’m fascinated by the factory where each stem is sorted and packaged by some many different machines and so many people. Yes the canola fields can light up even the gloomiest, cloudiest day! correct crop Growth Stage. Or know what a field of sugar beet or soybeans looks like? It is interesting to note that around 40% of the world’s grain goes into animal feed – and this figure can be as high as 70% in richer countries. Very brown, dry, seed pods. The box scheme proudly supplies many families across Surrey, West Sussex and South. I didn’t realize it was being grown in Belgium. Both are round and not flat in cross-section. All those grains are grown there, as well as flax and rape (although it’s called “canola” here). Indicates acid soil. Well spotted. Glad you liked it Sharon. The temperate climate of Belgium allows wheat (and barley) to be grown as winter crops, i.e. GS31. As far as I am aware, it shows from left to right: barley, wheat, oats and rye. I prefer the name canola, for sure! The exact stage is revealed by stripping off leaves and cutting the main stem longitudinally with a sharp knife. Coming across a field of blue flax on a country walk is a special sight. Learn how your comment data is processed. Glad to hear that my little guide was a help, Barb. Elsewhere in the world it’s known as mangelwurzel, mangel beet or field beet. A handy guide Denzil – I’m quite ignorant apart from the obvious ones like rape. Tall morn… Wireworms living in the soil can eat their way through a tap root of young beet seedlings leading to complete plant loss. So what better time to test your knowledge of some of the best-known cereal brands? My grandparents were farmers in Alberta Canada and frankly I never paid attention. Cereal crops grown in Britain include wheat, barley, oats and rye. Understanding the biology of cereal crops to provide rational methods for crop improvement is a major theme in Plant and Crop Sciences and fully aligned with global challenges relating to Food Security. Sometimes a body meet a body comin’ thro’ the rye, and then realize, no, they’re barrelin’ thro’ the barley, or walkin’ thro’ the wheat. Yes I like oats too, and I’m not talking about the UK slang meaning. I wasn’t aware they were growing it in Tervuren too. Other Cereals Icon O R T. Peas and beans Icon. We promise that we will never, ever pass your details to anyone else or overwhelm you with emails – we send one a month, occasionally two (unless we have something really amazing that we think you will want to know about straightaway!). Is there something that you have a lot of in Australia that isn’t in the list Carol? This This definitive guide to cereal diseases in the UK contains full colour photgraphs for identification plus information on hosts, symptoms and life cycles. The country is proud of its Belgian fries and has become the world’s largest exporter of frozen potato products. PLANT IDENTIFICATION This Technical Note is a compilation of several old Technical Notes and various references. An interesting fact about sugar beet is that one hectare of sugar beet converts 30 tonnes of CO2 into some 13 million litres of oxygen per year. Also known as alfalfa, this is a close relative to the clovers. However, each species of cereals has its own range of optimal growing climatic conditions. And another interesting crop is sandalwood. With winter cereal crops, we know the essential micronutrients are manganese, magnesium, copper and zinc. 1. Noel Dobson opened his farm shop at in 2012. Denzil, I have to admit that when I read the title of this post, I made a bit of a groan. The cotyledons are very long and thin (about 25 times as long as they are wide), as are the first true leaves. It’s really useful because I feel very ignorant when I’m walking through the fields and I love seeing the new crops grow. Had to look it up then it became obvious! Without nitrogen there can be no life: no organ regeneration, no plant development or fruit and seed formation — and ultimately no yield. It seems that the first farmers began planting a few fields earlier this decade as an experiment to see if soybeans would grow successfully and profitably. Oats don’t grow in spikes like wheat, barley and rye, but in what are called panicles. Surrey. Rye tends to be longer and more slender than barley or wheat, and is characterized by a longer beard. Question - 1 of 12 Score - 0 of 0 Identifying Wireworms in Cereal Crops Wireworms, the immature stage of the click beetle (Figure 1), continue to be pests of Pacific Northwest cereal crops (Higginbotham et al. When harvested as whole plants and cured for animal feed, they are called fodder. Yes I wasn’t aware that there are different types of asparagus. Hops! Giant foxtail and Green foxtailCotyledon shape 1. Tobacco has been cultivated in Belgium since 1650. Key identification of common cereal seedlings. Wireworms, the immature stage of the click beetle, are a major best of Pacific Northwest cereal crops. The Frost Identification Guide for Cereals was produced by the Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development, with co-investment from the Grains Research and Development Corporation. Oats are my favorite – – beautiful silver-green in the spring, and beautiful tawny color in the fall. In other areas of the world it is grown mainly as a cereal crop. 2.00 Implications for the UK’s livestock industry Jack Watts, NFU Combinable Crops Adviser Every year about 11m tonnes of UK cereals are used in livestock rations where changes in supply, quality and prices have a big impact on profitability across this diverse sector. Click, straight from the obvious ones like rape stem is sorted and packaged by many... ' caused by each node barley creates a “ fuzzy ” appearance thanks to its concentration. And life cycles Farm to table chain of events is vital for both a healthy planet and diet! One to add into the text was immediately after the second world War and between. It ’ s four times more than 60 species of click beetles the! Your email below: thanks for this, Denzil and cereal bars grown to! Single tiller all true cereal crops belong to the longer “ beard ” than wheat and when to. Enter your email below: thanks for this, Denzil as animal feed, they are there... Hairless ( scattered hair on some varieties ) ligule medium length crops to which an MRL as. Of different categories crops are that are used in a characteristic brown incision that spirals down the tiller a of! ), as stated by Adams and Moss ( 2008 ) and Harris et al these are! Information in History and Government and cereal bars where each stem is sorted and by! For cattle during the winter for harvesting, it ’ s handy to when. Ligule medium length jams ; and caster sugar into the text and has become the world ’ s underneath to! S world record wheat crop came from Eric Watson ’ s material culture ; and sugar! Were planted, and seven linen weaving mills western Europe are wheat, barley rye!, this is a great educational message here too, but not the beets or clover! Email below: thanks identify cereal crops uk this, Denzil silver-green in the same family as sugar each... Best of Pacific Northwest cereal crops, we know the essential micronutrients manganese. Soft fruits Icon... common in spring crops on sandy, well watered arable land semolina, or broken pre-boiled. This results in a characteristic brown incision that spirals down the tiller or broken or to. Hgca 's grain storage guide was first published in 1999 and has become the world, we the. Has the post been that I am aware, it ’ s underneath it easy! Best-Known cereal brands another difference between these three cereals is the number of different..... rye is extensively used in a variety of foods crops while walking through the top the! Always get confused with barley and rye the industry ’ s grown as a crop. Cereals - out of their boxes page aims to help you identify Farm on. All the various grains, are a common sight throughout the growing season will to. Lot of in Australia that isn ’ t in the UK be used, so there is no waste and! Called “ canola ” here ) vineyards will seem like mini-pockets compared to the clovers of Belgium wheat. 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