why did nasser oppose the baghdad pact?

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This military alliance would eventually include Turkey, Iraq, Pakistan, and Iran, and Washington hoped the arrangement would halt Soviet expansion into the Middle East. The United States had felt that Iraqi membership was unnatural and tended to involve the Pact in Arab-Israeli issues. As noted, the Shah joined. Nasser opposed the Baghdad Pact, supported the Algerian war of independence, and linked up with India in pushing a global movement of the nonaligned nations that would accept aid … [7] It wanted Egypt to join the Baghdad Pact directed against the Soviet Union. [Note: The Baghdad Pact (at right) was a defensive organization for promoting shared political, military and economic goals founded in 1955 by Turkey, Iraq, Great Britain, Pakistan and Iran and was designed to be similar to NATO in preventing the spread of communism and fostering peace in the Middle East. USA POSITION during Suez Canal Crisis USSR POSITION during Suez Canal Crisis However, President Eisenhower remained unresponsive; America's closest ally in the region, Saudi Arabia, was just as fundamentally opposed to the Hashemite-dominated Baghdad Pact as Egypt, and the U.S. was keen to increase its own influence in the region. This central Asian treaty defended imperialist interests in Iran, Iraq and elsewhere in the Middle East. Instead, Nasser feared Eisenhower and Dulles’ “Northern Tier” strategy, later named the Baghdad Pact. He decided that Nasser was an over-powerful soviet ‘puppet’ and therefore, together with the UK, America designed a combination of measures designed to weaken the Egyptian premier’s position (Young et al., 2004: 263). Part of Nasser's opposition to the Baghdad Pact lay in the delivery of British arms to Iraq at a time when Egypt's own armoury was in dire need of modernization. In the late 1950s, the regime was part of the western-backed Baghdad pact that opposed the Nasser government in Egypt. The way to improved Soviet-Egyptian relations had been prepared by Nasser’s refusal to join the Baghdad Pact (the Middle East Treaty Organization, later known as the Central Treaty Organization), which had been formed earlier that year by Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, and the United Kingdom, with the support of the United States, to counter the threat of Soviet expansion in the Middle East. Secretary Dulles said that the meeting in London of the so-called Baghdad Pact countries began informally on Sunday 6 and lasted through Tuesday. The US too opposed an invasion of Egypt. John Foster Dulles (1888-1959) As I found out in writing about Iraq and Baghdad I saw that the Baghdad Pact was brought about by the USA in 1955 which caused Egypt's Nasser to be very angry and he then turned to the Russians for aid. Britain was eager to tame Nasser and looked towards the United States for support. Nasser … By the mid-1950s, Nasser was far more popular in Baghdad than the Iraqi government and single-mindedly hostile to the pro-British regime. United Arab Republic (U.A.R. But the Soviet Union provided arms and political support to many liberation struggles against colonial powers. Since the Suez Crisis of 1956, the preeminent question for US policy in the Middle East had been how to deal with Nasser and, in a broader sense, what secular Arab nationalism actually represented. This intervention scuppered the planned adherence of Jordan, Lebanon, and Saudi Arabia (although Turkey and Iraq did join). Nasser had been opposed to the Baghdad Pact, a pro-Western alliance created in 1955 that included Britain, Turkey, Pakistan and Iran of Shah Pahlavi. 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